By the mid 1800’s English chandelier design became more ornate and decorative with the removal of the Glass Excise Act. The elegance of the 18th century was replaced by weightier designs with plentiful deep cut crystal swagged dressings found on Victorian chandeliers. One of the most prolific manufacturers of this time was Messrs. Perry & Co. Today they are still greatly sought after, recognised by their ‘hollow and split’ cut stempieces, rope twist arms, double pointed round buttons and pear pendant drops. The 19th century also saw the prominence of the work of F & C Osler.